Al Ama Land Reclamation 10.32 9.41 -0.09 %
Abu Qir Fertilizers 20.02 19.87 -0.01 %
Arab Co. for Asset Management And Development 2.48 2.33 -0.06 %
Arab Cotton Ginning 1.80 1.75 -0.03 %
Acrow Misr 14.48 13.79 -0.05 %
Arab Pharmaceutical 31.05 30.74 -0.01 %
Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank- Egypt 12.01 12.18 0.01 %
The Arab Dairy Products Co. Arab Dairy 5.22 5.22 0.00 %
Arab Development & Real Estate Investment 0.33 0.31 -0.05 %
El Ahli Investment & Development. 5.59 5.19 -0.07 %
Alexandria Flour Mills 8.51 7.76 -0.09 %
Arab Gulf Investment . 0.24 0.24 0.00 %
Atlas For Investment and Food Industries 10.15 9.57 -0.06 %
Arabia Investments Holding 0.35 0.36 0.01 %
Assiut Islamic Trading 9.70 9.16 -0.06 %
Al Arafa Investment And Consulting 0.14 0.14 0.00 %
AJWA for Food Industries company Egypt 3.41 3.30 -0.03 %
Alexandria Containers 10.96 10.94 0.00 %
Alexandria Cement 3.83 3.83 0.00 %
Arab Aluminium 13.55 12.56 -0.07 %
Amer Group Holding 0.60 0.57 -0.06 %
Arab Gathering Investment 10.18 9.44 -0.07 %
Alexandria Mineral Oils Company 3.89 3.79 -0.03 %
Arab Bolvera Spinning & Weaving Co. 2.00 1.90 -0.05 %
Arabian Cement Company 2.92 2.95 0.01 %
Egyptian Real Estat Group 15.77 14.34 -0.09 %
Arabian Rocks Plastic Industries 0.19 0.18 -0.05 %
Arab Valves Company 0.65 0.65 0.00 %
Asek Company For Mining 6.69 6.25 -0.07 %
Al Tawfeek Leasing Company-A.T.LEASE 2.81 2.91 0.04 %
Misr National Steel - Ataqa 0.86 0.79 -0.08 %
G.B Auto 3.57 3.52 -0.01 %
Alex. For Chemical Indust 99.62 99.00 -0.01 %
Barbary Investment Group ( BIG) 0.73 0.69 -0.05 %
B Investments Holding S . A . E 6.73 6.80 0.01 %
Brothers Solidarity For Real Estate Investment&Food Security 3.75 3.58 -0.05 %
Belton Financial Holding 4.77 4.45 -0.07 %
Suez Canal Bank 6.83 6.33 -0.07 %
Citadel Capital - Common Shares 2.28 2.16 -0.05 %
Gulf Canadian Real Estate Investment Co. 5.87 5.33 -0.09 %
Middle Egypt Flour Mills 30.21 28.92 -0.04 %
The Arab Ceramic CO.- Ceramica Remas 1.68 1.52 -0.09 %
C I Capital Holding 7.67 7.83 0.02 %
Credit Agricole Egypt 41.85 41.17 -0.02 %
Cairo Investment&Real Estate Development 11.95 12.04 0.01 %
Cleopatra Hospital Company 5.73 6.00 0.05 %
Commercial International Bank 77.71 75.80 -0.02 %
Cairo Oils & Soap 8.14 7.37 -0.09 %
Canal Shipping Agencies 9.11 8.41 -0.08 %
Development & Engineering Consultants 14.44 13.38 -0.07 %
Arabian Food Industries Co. - DOMTY 8.51 8.50 0.00 %
Dice Sport & Casual Wear 1.59 1.52 -0.04 %
Arab Land Recl. 8.73 8.73 0.00 %
Egyptian Arabian (cmar) Securities Brokerage EAC 0.45 0.45 0.00 %
Eastern Tobacco 16.76 17.41 0.04 %
El-Ezz Porcelain ( El Jawhara) 16.35 16.44 0.01 %
Egyptian For Developing Building Materials 6.25 6.01 -0.04 %
East Delta Flour Mills 119.08 119.08 0.00 %
El Arabia Engineering Industries 4.53 4.21 -0.07 %
Egyptian Financial & Industrial 9.07 8.72 -0.04 %
Edita Food Industries S.A.E 16.76 16.76 0.00 %
Egypt Aluminum 12.26 11.75 -0.04 %
Natural Gas And Mining Project ( Egypt Gas) 56.82 55.39 -0.03 %
Egyptian Gulf Bank 0.56 0.57 0.03 %
Egyptian. Chemical Industries (Kima) 5.18 4.88 -0.06 %
Egyptian Satellite Nilesat 5.61 5.72 0.02 %
Egyptian For Tourism Resorts ( Paid 25%) 2.65 2.76 0.04 %
EGX 30 INDEX ETF 14.76 14.76 0.00 %
Egyptians Housing Development & Reconstruction 1.73 1.62 -0.06 %
Egyptian International Tourism Projects 13.22 13.71 0.04 %
Egyptians For Investment & Urban Development 0.85 0.79 -0.07 %
Egyptian Kuwaiti Holding 1.35 1.32 -0.03 %
Egyptian Electrical Cables 1.37 1.30 -0.05 %
El Kahera Housing 10.00 10.00 0.00 %
El Nasr For Manufacturing Agricultural Crops 37.64 34.68 -0.08 %
El Shams Housing & Urbanization 4.00 3.83 -0.04 %
Elwadi For International Investment & Development 6.90 6.42 -0.07 %
Emaar Misr for Development 2.82 2.87 0.02 %
Orange 18.04 16.58 -0.08 %
Engineering Industries (Icon) 4.60 4.23 -0.08 %
Egypt Poultry 1.41 1.37 -0.03 %
El Ahram Co. For Printing And Packing 6.61 6.61 0.00 %
Egyptian Starch & Glucose 12.92 12.52 -0.03 %
Ezz Steel 9.18 8.60 -0.06 %
Egyptian Telecom 12.23 11.73 -0.04 %
Egyptian Transport (Egytrans) 6.36 6.14 -0.03 %
Export Development Bank Of Egypt 8.29 8.26 0.00 %
Faisal Islamic Bank Of Egypt 13.44 13.32 -0.01 %
Faisal Islamic Bank Of Egypt 1.13 1.12 -0.01 %
First Investment Company And Real Estate Development 2.05 2.07 0.01 %
Fawry For Banking Technology And Electronic Payment 8.96 8.99 0.00 %
Genial Tours 2.49 2.49 0.00 %
Giza General Contracting 0.84 0.79 -0.07 %
Gharbia Islamic Housing Development 5.02 5.02 0.00 %
Golden Coast Company 3.02 2.84 -0.06 %
Golden Pyramids Plaza 1.52 1.52 0.00 %
General Silos And Storage 37.62 37.62 0.00 %
Golden Textiles & Clothes Wool 5.13 5.13 0.00 %
Financial Investment Holding Co. 0.96 0.84 -0.13 %
Housing & Development Bank 44.35 46.01 0.04 %
Heliopolis Housing 24.07 23.80 -0.01 %
Egyptian Financial Group Hermes Holding Company 17.90 18.26 0.02 %
Ibnsina Pharma 9.70 9.62 -0.01 %
International Company For Fertilizers & Chemicals 1.11 1.11 0.00 %
International company For Medical Industries -ICMI 0.53 0.53 0.00 %
Ismailia Development and Real Estate Co 4.18 3.87 -0.07 %
Industrial & Engineering Projects 16.15 14.02 -0.13 %
International For Agricultural Products 2.69 2.49 -0.07 %
Ismailia National Food Industries 6.05 5.55 -0.08 %
EL Ezz Aldekhela Steel - Alexandria 557.13 548.21 -0.02 %
Egyptian Iron And Steel 2.56 2.38 -0.07 %
Ismalia Misr Poultry 1.73 1.64 -0.05 %
Juhayna Food Industries 8.19 8.50 0.04 %
El Nasr Clothes & Textiles ( Kabo) 0.76 0.71 -0.06 %
Kafr El Zayat Pesticides 25.70 25.70 0.00 %
Misr Beni Suef Cement 18.92 16.50 -0.13 %
Misr Cement (Qena) 7.89 7.50 -0.05 %
Mena Touristic & Real Estate Investment 2.70 2.47 -0.09 %
Medical Packaging Company 0.64 0.62 -0.04 %
Misr Fretilizers Production Company - Mopco 64.27 64.18 0.00 %
Misr Duty Free Shops 6.50 6.58 0.01 %
Misr Hotels 54.64 51.00 -0.07 %
Misr Chemical Industries 7.49 7.27 -0.03 %
Marsa Alam For Tourism Development 0.65 0.65 0.00 %
Medinet Nasr Housing 4.60 4.38 -0.05 %
The Egyptian Modern Education Systems 1.01 0.97 -0.04 %
Rights Issue Of The Egyptian Modern Education Systems -3 0.04 0.03 -0.15 %
Mardive & Oil Services Co. 0.31 0.29 -0.08 %
Mohandes Insurance 10.06 10.06 0.00 %
Memphis Pharmaceuticals 8.70 8.50 -0.02 %
Mansourah Poultry 4.28 3.90 -0.09 %
Egyptian Media Production City 4.46 4.19 -0.06 %
MM Group For Industry And International Trade 8.78 8.76 0.00 %
Naeem Holding 0.20 0.19 -0.03 %
Nasr Company For Civil Works 9.02 8.34 -0.08 %
Northern Upper Egypt Development & Agricultural Production 5.52 5.06 -0.08 %
Nile Pharmaceutical 17.21 17.00 -0.01 %
National Real Estate Bank For Development 4.32 4.01 -0.07 %
El Obour Real Estate Investment 4.36 3.95 -0.09 %
Sixth Of October For Development & Investment 14.40 14.73 0.02 %
Odin Investments 2.83 2.74 -0.03 %
Rights Issue Of ODIN Investments-1 0.31 0.32 0.04 %
Obour Land For Food Industries 5.25 5.33 0.02 %
Orascom Construction 100.19 97.42 -0.03 %
Orascom Development Egypt 6.88 6.55 -0.05 %
Oriental Weavers 10.13 9.94 -0.02 %
Paint & Chemical Industries (Pachin) 19.58 19.09 -0.03 %
Egyptian International Pharmaceutical 65.97 65.97 0.00 %
Palm Hills Development Company 2.01 1.89 -0.06 %
Pyramisa Hotels 20.07 20.07 0.00 %
Pioneers Holding 5.34 5.05 -0.05 %
Porto Group 0.68 0.63 -0.07 %
Cairo Poultry 5.53 5.10 -0.08 %
Ceramic & Porcelain 2.50 2.46 -0.02 %
Qatar National Bank 42.00 42.00 0.00 %
Rakta Paper Manufacturing 4.83 4.41 -0.09 %
Raya Holding For Technology And Communications 4.00 4.00 0.00 %
Rowad Tourism ( Al Rowad) 8.41 8.01 -0.05 %
Arab Real Estate Investment(Alco) 0.40 0.36 -0.08 %
Remco For Touristic Villages Construction 2.50 2.32 -0.07 %
Rubex Plastics 6.27 5.69 -0.09 %
Societe Arabe Internationale De Banque (SAIB) 8.74 8.11 -0.07 %
Al Baraka Bank Egypt 11.95 11.95 0.00 %
Sinai Cement 7.53 7.01 -0.07 %
Sharm Dreams Co. For Tourism Investment 3.21 2.95 -0.08 %
Saudi Egyptian Investment&Finance 23.61 21.71 -0.08 %
Sabaa International Company for Pharmaceutical and Chemical 2.88 2.88 0.00 %
Sidi Kerir Petrochemicals 8.76 8.53 -0.03 %
Misr Fertilizers 3.81 4.00 0.05 %
Sharkia National Food 2.99 2.99 0.00 %
Souhag National Food Industries 3.25 2.84 -0.13 %
Alxandria Spinning & Weavng 1.54 1.50 -0.02 %
Speed Medical 1.13 1.09 -0.03 %
Sarwa Capital Holding 5.16 5.00 -0.03 %
Suez Cement 8.02 8.19 0.02 %
Delta Sugar 10.23 10.05 -0.02 %
South Valley Cement 1.62 1.54 -0.05 %
ELSWEDY ELECTRIC 12.84 12.65 -0.01 %
T M G Holding 10.25 9.98 -0.03 %
Torah Cement 6.94 6.36 -0.08 %
Trans Oceans Tours 0.05 0.05 -0.04 %
United Arab Shipping 0.70 0.65 -0.06 %
Upper Egypt Mill 107.72 107.72 0.00 %
Upper Egypt Contracting 0.50 0.47 -0.05 %
Univert Food Industries 1.00 1.00 0.00 %
Universal ( Uonipack) 2.64 2.44 -0.08 %
United Housing & Development 2.30 2.25 -0.02 %
Vodafone Egypt Telecommunications 66.61 69.39 0.04 %
Modern Company For Water Proofing 1.47 1.37 -0.07 %
Midlle & West Delta Flour Mills 129.93 129.93 0.00 %
Wadi Kom Ombo Land Reclamation 11.69 11.04 -0.06 %
Extracted Oils 1.20 1.16 -0.03 %
Zahraa Maadi Investment & Development 6.46 6.30 -0.02 %
September 23, 2019
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The Stock Market:

The term “Stock Market” is used to describe the place where the transactions (selling or buying) of stocks occur. The traders on these stocks meet at a specific time through the stock market which is enhanced with the latest tools and computer technology.

However, Amsterdam, Netherlands has encountered the first regulated market for stocks followed by several markets in Western Europe, starting in London. Then, in 1782, the market for stocks was launched in New York which later became one of the most important markets in the world in terms of being the hugest in size and reputation.

The Nominal Value of the Bond:

It is the amount or the face value of the bond that the issuer will pay to the bondholder on a maturity date.

Ask Price:

It is the price offered in the market for each stock in which the shareholder is willing to sell the stock with and it is opposite to the bid price which is the price that the investor is willing to pay for purchasing a stock.

The Egyptian Stock Market:

It is the stock market that has the authority of stocks trading in Egypt. The Egyptian Stock Market is considered as a one entity of two different locations (Cairo and Alexandria). The two markets of Cairo and Alexandria use the same trading systems, database, and the same board of directors. The chairman of the board of directors is assigned by the president of the Council of Ministers for a period of three years (renewable). Sixty percent of the members of the stock market board are elected by the trading companies in the market (brokerage firms, companies of investment funds management, Investment banks…..etc). The other forty percent are assigned as follows: a member from the Capital Market Association, a member from the Central Bank and two members from the banks union.

The Exchange Stock:

It is organized markets, regulated by its own rules, where buying and selling of securities transactions occur through brokerage firms and members.

Investment Banks:

It is the guarantor and promoter of the Subscriptions, playing an intermediate role between the investors and the companies that want to offer stocks for investors or to a major investor.

 The Budget:

It is a financial position record made at the end of the period showing the nature, assets value, liabilities and the capital of a company.

The Index:

It is a numerical value that measures the change in the money markets. It is expressed as a percentage of change occurred at a specific point in time compared to the value of starting point (base period). Moreover, the index measures the price movements of stocks, bonds, funds, etc; as it increase or decrease. Thus, it reflects market price (rate) and trend (direction). On the other hand, the stocks index for the investor is a standard used for measuring the performance of the stock market as a whole also for measuring the performance of a particular stock compared to the whole market.

Institutional Investors:

They are institutions (entities) as pension funds, insurance companies, investment funds, investment banks… etc; with the purpose of investing their own money and others’ money in their possession in various investments.

Book Value:

It is an accounting term, and it is determined through the company's records as follows: (Total value of Assets – Total value of Liabilities) / (Number of Ordinary Shares).

The Nominal Value of the Stock:

It is the value written on the stock.

The Nominal Value of the Company:

It is the total value of the stocks issued by the company; including the value of ordinary shares, reserves and preferred stocks (if found).

The Return on Equity (ROE):

It is the net profit after tax divided by total equity.

The Return on Coupon:

It is the dividends or coupon per share divided by the market price per share.

Return on Assets:

It is the Net profit after tax divided by total assets.

Yield to Maturity:

It is the total return on the bond that an investor will get for holding the bond till maturity date. Moreover, the yield to maturity is equal to all benefits (coupons) received by the investor from the time of purchasing the bond to the date of maturity, in addition of any capital gain or loss.

Current Yield on Bonds:

It is equal to the value of the outgoing coupon divided by the clean price of the bond.

Holding Company:

It is the mother company that owns most of the shares of their subsidiaries, which give it the right to vote and control.

The Secondary Market:

It is the market for trading securities between various traders (buyers and sellers) where the profit (return) is administered to the trader not the issuer of the bond as in the primary market.

The Primary Market:

It is also called the Market of Issues. It is the system that the companies follow to finance their projects through issuing shares to investors for the first time.

Government Bonds:

Bonds issued by the governments for public spending.

The Bond:

It is a debt instrument used by companies as a way to borrow, where the issuer of the bond undertakes to pay a predetermined interest (coupon) to the bondholder among the bond duration and to get the nominal value of the bond on it's due date and that’s why the bond holder is considered as a company's lender rather than a contributor.

The Financial Year:

It is the accounting year for the company, and it varies from one company to another according to the company's activity nature, the financial year for some companies starts from July 1st to June 31, while other companies have their financial year from January the 1st to December 31.


He is the intermediary in selling and buying securities and he receives a brokerage commission for his services offered.

Total Price of the Bonds:

It is the price of the bond including interest accrued since the last coupon outgoing till the settlement date.

Net Price of the Bonds:

It is the price of the bond minus the interest accrued since the last coupon outgoing till the settlement date.


It is the state of the economy during periods of no growth, declining growth, and increasing of unemployment rate.

Current Liabilities:

They are short-term obligations the company is obligated to pay during a year; like: wages, creditors…etc.


They are distributions on profit decided by the Board of Directors of the company; they are distributed proportionally among shareholders. Dividends of ordinary shares are closely related to the profitability and the liquidity of the company, that’s why in some cases the Board of Directors may announce not to distribute dividends, and reinvest all the profits in expanding projects or in buying additional assets.

Annual Report:

The companies that are registered in the stock market issue an annual report containing the financial statements of the previous year. This report shows assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses, and income. The annual report also shows the financial position of the company at the end of the previous year and some important information about shareholders.

Free trading for case30 companies:

Shareholders are excluded whether they are individuals, institutions, banks, or investment funds of public or private sector owning more than 5% of the company's shares (strategic shareholders) percentage of company's free trading. Also excluded the ownership of all banks public sector and insurance companies if it is a public sector, companies and institutions of public sector, holding companies and employees union. In addition to excluding the founders ownership regardless their ownership percentage as according to law they are not authorized to trade during the first two years of the company's activity as of the investment fund public sector ownership (Bank's investment funds and insurance companies of public sector) less than 5% are considered from free trading because they are managed from private companies specialized in managing investment funds.


It is a scale (measure) that shows the size of fluctuations of the stock's prices as a whole (or a specific stock) within a certain period.

Profit Multiplier:

It is a measure used to compare the level of selling prices of the stocks; it is calculated through dividing the closing price of the stock over the earnings per share.


They are a group of investment banks that guarantee and promote the issuance of all stocks or part of them.

Board of Directors:

The members of the board of directors are elected by the shareholders through the General Assembly that is held annually. The members of the Board of Directors are responsible for the company’s management also taking strategic decisions as distributing profits.

Capital Market Weighted Index (Market Capitalization):

It is a stock price indicator where its daily value is calculated through dividing the total value of the market (Last closing price × Number of registered stocks) over all the companies that make up the index.

Moving Index for stock prices:

It is a system that presents a momentary display of the latest prices, trading volume also the selling/ buying transactions.

Short Selling:

Some regulators in certain markets allow the market shareholders to sell the stock that they don’t own. Incase this dispossessed stock is actually sold this is called “Short Selling”. In Fact, Traders of Short Selling sell stocks expecting to buy shares at lower prices, and make profits through selling with a high price and buying with a lower one. Actually, this process provides liquidity in advancing markets, and accelerates the decline of markets. It is worth mentioning that short selling is prohibited (banned) in Saudi Arabia Market.

Rising Markets:

It is the opposite if declining market. It refers to the continuing upward trend in stocks prices. The rising trend is due to the buying transactions by the investors in the market. In other words, the market encounters an increase since investors are directed towards buying stocks; therefore, stocks are kept in case of any further rise in prices.

Declining Market:

The Stock Market encounters various fluctuations regularly. When the broad market size of transactions suffers huge- continue to decline and the market drop by more than 20% for two months, this is called a declining market.


The stock markets include several listed (registered) companies. These companies operate on various industries, and administered by departments that have different strategies. The combination of stocks that balance between growth and stability of performance in industries reduces the portfolio's risk. This is done through offsetting the decline of a stock by the increase of another stock.

Benefits of Capital Markets:

Due to the frustration caused by the continuous fluctuation of stock prices, Investors look to the market as it is Gambling. This inconstancy in the market isn’t odd or caused by external influences; however, it is part of its own composition. But despite that, these markets have major economic advantages. These stock markets are considered as secondary markets, and were created with the purpose of providing liquidity to the investors of primary markets. The primary markets are commonly called IPO (initial public offerings), where capital is raised through IPOs for the first time to finance an expansion or a new project. Thus, Capital Markets, integrated from primary and secondary markets, combine between investors and project owners. Consequently, they facilitate the movement of funds from the surplus revenue to economic development; moreover, investor's gains from commercial activities and industrialists get money to finance their ideas.


Blue Chips:

They are companies’ shares with quality, credibility and ability to achieve good results in most times.

International Deposit Certificates (GDRs):

They are financial instruments that can be traded in international capital markets. They are issued by institutions or international banks in U.S dollars or any foreign currency (traded in free market) in return of having a same corresponding amount of local shares based on an agreement with the local issuer.

Stocks are deposited to this company through the agent of the bank of deposit or the issuer bank (usually a local bank). Hence, these certificates are traded as a substitute to the underlying securities in international capital markets such as London Stock Market. Since the owner of the certificates of deposits is in fact the owner of the local equivalent shares (according to an agreed conversion rate), he has the rights arising from the ownership of local share in terms of cash distributions, in kind distributions, sales of shares….. Etc.

Types of Stock Market in the World:

There are five types of stock markets (stock exchanges):

1.   Exchange of present goods such as cotton, wheat, copper and iron

2.   Exchange of contracts for commercial transactions of non present goods

3.   Forex market is the exchange of foreign currencies outside the stock markets

4.   Exchange of precious metals such as gold, silver, platinum and diamonds

5.   Exchange of securities such as stocks, bonds and shares of incorporation 



Is an abbreviation of the term (not including dividends) where the stocks that are classified into this category are XD" and they are purchased during or after the declaration of dividends, and don’t qualify the holder to get any dividends payable for the year of purchase

Right of Subscription:

If the company increased its capital and issued new shares, the company gives the right to the current shareholders the right to buy these shares before these stocks are being offered to the rest of the investors. The selling of these additional stocks is done according to the percentage of ownership of each shareholder and the price is usually less than the market price. In case, the shareholders didn’t acquire all the additional stocks, the company sells these shares to other investors.

Stocks Turn Over Ratio:

It is a ratio calculated through dividing the value of shares traded during the year by the market capital of all shares listed in the same year.

Closed Joint-Stock Company:

A Closed joint-stock company is a joint stock company that applies to the system of Saudi’s companies in many of its regulations, but the most important characteristic of the closed joint-stock company is that the founders of the company (who signed the contract) limit the subscription of the company’s capital only on themselves.


This occurs when the country's citizens are using a foreign currency besides the national currency or instead of it. The term dollarization is not limited on the U.S. dollar. 

Current Yield:

The yield is what you really profit from your bonds. But the current yield represents the ratio between interest earned and the actual market value of the bond. It is showed in percentage terms, and calculated as follows: (Annual Interest / Actual Market Value of the Bond). The Current yield can vary depending on the market value of the bond.

Ordinary Stock Funds:

A Security Portfolio consists of these funds from Ordinary stocks, and these stocks are considered from medium and long-term investment funds.

Right Expiry Date:

It is the date on which the shareholder doesn’t have the right to take profits or the declared free stocks after this date.

Common share

Are the instruments given the holder the right to attend the annual General Assembly, and to obtain distributions if the company has made profits and the Board of Directors decided to distribute part or all of them. In the case of Liquidation of the company the benefits pay to the bond holders and preference shareholders.

Orders of high volumes:

Are those huge transactions in which the stocks amount equals 10.000 share or more.


Means that a company buys the majority of other company's shares therefore, the first company controls the second company.

Consumption rate of the bond:

It is the price the bond will be consumed with on its due date. 

Portfolio Investment:

It’s a variety of shares owned by individuals or institutions.


Is an agreement done between two companies or more to combine and construct a new economic entity .


Means all the company's commitments, Short-term commitments include Securities payments, wages due, Taxes due while, Long-term commitments include long-term bank loans and bonds….etc

Members (Brokerage Firms):

They are those brokerage companies having license to practice the activity of trading securities in the stock market.

Current Assets:

Are those company's assets that can be converted to cash or can be consumed within one year.


Are all the financial and real estate investments the company owns.

Listed Stocks:

Are the company's Stocks restricted in the stock market and all the international stock markets with terms and rules that the companies are committed with in order in order to be restricted in the stock market, a summary of Cairo and Alexandria terms and rules are found in the securities page of Cairo and Alexandria website.


Non-Restricted Stocks:

Are those stocks that doesn’t apply to be restricted in the stock market or that doesn’t meet the stock market terms and conditions.

Shares Dividends:

Are distributions the company offers allowing the shareholder to acquire his portion of distributions as an ordinary shares, Distributions are considered as an increase in the company's capital.

Treasury Shares:

Are shares that the issuer company re-buys from the stock market, Treasury shares doesn't have the right to distribute dividends or to vote during the period of acquisition.

 Capital's profits:

Is the profit resulted from buying and selling prices difference. 

Accrued Interest:

Is calculated as follows (Bond face value*actual days since the last date of coupon payment till the settlement date)/ (365 day).

Detailed subscription document:

A document presented by the companies willing to issue new securities, showing the details, terms and rules of issuing new securities also it shows in details the company's financial position and how the company consumes the money resulted from issuing those new securities plus other important in formations hat can affect the investor's decisions.

Capital Market authority (CMA):

Is the organizer of the capital market in Egypt, was established in 1980 to regulate and monitor all the companies trading in the capital market following law 95 of 1992.

Offering Bonds document:

It's an agreement between the bond's issuer institution and the bond holder showing the bond's due date, interest on bond and other bond's terms and rules, usually the bondholder choose a bank or a company as a trustee to follow up the bond's issuer and his commitments to fulfill the bond's issuance terms and rules, as the trustee make sure that the bond's issuer pays the interest (coupon) at its due date and maintain the liquidity ratio in the company.

Small capital companies stocks:

Are those companies stocks with a market value less than 500million dollars, companies of such category achieves high growth rates than those companies of large capital except that their shares  are less stable.

Preferred Stocks:

A category of stocks allowing their holders extra benefits that are not enjoyed by the ordinary stocks holder such as: giving their holders the priority to acquire a portion of the company's profits before the ordinary stocks holder

Financial instruments:

Financial instruments include: stocks, bonds and debts instruments.

Ordinary stocks:

An ownership instruments giving the right of owning a company also having the right to attend the company general assembly held annually and acquiring distributions if the company achieves profit and if the company board of directors decide to distribute all or part of it .incase of liquidating and terminating the company the ordinary shareholders are got their dues after the bonds and preferred stocks holders.


Is a loan provided by investors to corporations and governments, where the investor
(Lender) gets a specific interest rate for lending his money for a specific period of time, and in return, the Government or the company (the borrower) gets the funds it needs, as also the investor gets the original invested amount  (the principal amount or issue price of bonds) at the end of the specified period,
The bonds can be issued for periods that ups to thirty years and are classified according to their quality or probability of Payment of its value. 

Mortgage loan:

It’s a loan agreement bearing an interest for the purpose of financing an individual to acquire home or building in general, such kind of loans are characterized by its low cost and the secret is the existence of the mortgage agreement as the finance (Bank) mortgage the building and in case the beneficiary delays in his payments the banks handles himself selling the building in the market taking his portion and returning the remaining to the beneficiary if there wasn’t any other payments required and this type of loans is considered low risk as the finance can return all of part of his rights as a result of the building mortgage and that’s why this kind of loans is named as '' Mortgage loan"

Price field:

Means the fluctuation in the stock's price that took place during the session's day.

Opening price:

it's the price of the first deal that will took place on the stock during the session's opening, its useful in determining the stock's price directions/movements as if the stock's opening price is greater than the closing price of the pervious day session means that this  stock's movement will be upward and vice versa.

(Note that: as this is just a prediction don't base on it your final decision).

High price:

it's the highest price the stock achieved during the session's day as in which the seller's price is higher than the buyer's price (as the sellers always seeks to sell their stocks at a high price and this reflects the highest price the buyers intended to pay). 

Low price:

it's the lowest price the stock achieved during the session's day as in which the buyer's price is lower than the seller's price (as the buyers always seeks to buy their stocks at a low price and this reflects the lowest price the sellers accepts to sell at). 

Closing price:

It's the price of the last deal that already took place on the stock during the session's day; closing price is the price on which the technical analysis mostly depends on).

Trading volume:

It's the number of shares that has been traded on during the session's day, the relationship between the price and the volume is a positive relationship as an increase in the price is accompanied by an increase in the volume of trading which is an important relationship. 

Bid price:

It's the price the buyer intends to pay for the stock, and it's the price the seller will get in case of selling such stock.

Ask price:

It's the price the seller wants to get incase of selling a stock, and it's the price the buyer will pay for buying such stock.


Cash left in order to buy a new share that doesn't exist in a portfolio as result of an unexpected/unreasonable drop.

Market reflection:

Means changing the market/stocks current directions.


Means fearing and enhancing others to sell or not to buy.


Means long/medium term buying/selling transactions.

Target price:

It's the price the sock is expected to reach within a certain period. 

Earnings per share (EPS):

A standard used to measure a share's profit/earning by dividing the total net profit over the number of company shares.

Return earnings (R/E):

It's calculated by dividing the stock market value over the earnings per share.

Face value:

It's the value of the share as of its subscription value.

Book value:

It's the value of the share as it's recorded in the company's records. 

Market value:

It's the value of the share as the market position determines. 


Means that more than one company united together. 

Due date:

It's the deadline in which the profit/grant collectors will be determined. 


Means that the company will divide one stock to numbers of stocks but with a less value example: if a company decides to split its share on a ratio 1:2 so if the shares were 1,000,000 of a price 100LE after the split the amount will be 2,000,000 share of 50LE. 


Means buying huge amounts of a share that is expected to rise by placing buying orders with low prices. 

Reduction of capital:

Means that the company will reduce its capital and its shares. 

Increasing of capital:

Means that the company will increase its capital and its shares whether by distributing/subscripting them. 


Unreal buying/selling transactions placed on a specific for many reasons in order to attract the trader's and get their attention to that stock or for keeping their eyes away from another stock. 


Means selling huge amounts of a share that is expected to fall. 


Cash left in order to buy a share which already exists in a portfolio as a result of an unexpected drop. 

Resistance obstacle:

It's the levels at which it's difficult for a share's/ market's index to break, breaking such level is considered as good news.

Levels of support:

it's the levels at which it's difficult for a share's/market's index to break, breaking such level is considered as bad news. 

Share's movement:

Means increasing/decreasing in a share's price and its trading volume.


Means accurate information.

 Getting out of market:

Means liquidating a portfolio by selling all its shares. 

Entering in a market:

Means starting to buy/sell shares.


Demanding huge amounts of stocks at a certain price level which is slightly lower in order not to let the stock fall down such level.


Selling huge amounts of stocks at a certain price level which is slightly higher in order not to let the stock rise such level


Means selling huge amounts of stocks without supporting those stocks in order to get pressure on and lower their price. 


Means rising a share's price for many reasons such as gaining profits. 

Policy of the herd:

Means following others buying if they bought and selling if they sold. 

Purchase power:

Cash available in a portfolio. 


Means buying huge amounts of shares with its current ask price. 

Market price:

Means buying/selling shares with market price without determining a limit price. 

Market makers:

Individuals/institutions that controls the market's movements as they own huge amounts of purchase power and shares that have a great influence on the market. 

Take off:

Means that the stock/market had raised. 





In the market:

Means an investor in the market.


Means breaking up/down a certain level. 


Means an outstanding order. 


An account opened for an investor in a brokerage company to invest in the market. 


Daily/periodic transactions made for the purpose of gaining profit. 


Are free shares a company grants to their stocks holder with a certain percentage usually 5% or 10% up 0r down upon the closing price of the share in the previous day session. 

ISIN code:

An international code used to identify securities and each share had a particularly international code registered in the bourse. 

Income sheet:

This includes all the previous revenues, expenses, profits and losses transactions. 

Settlement transactions:

In general, settlement means transferring the seller's securities right of property to the buyer and according to the Egyptian stock market the settlement system is T+0 for intraday transactions and T+2 for ordinary transactions. 

Odd lots:

Means orders placed over 100 shares or less. 


Is the share/market status after a sequence price drop that will lead to a horrible drop in the share's price from the investor's point of view. 


Is the share/market status after a sequence price rise that will lead to a horrible rise in the share's price from the investor's point of view. 

Public offering:

When a company offers its stocks for the public to trade on. 

Mutual funds:

there are two kinds of funds which are: closed-ended funds and opened -ended funds, as closed-ended funds are investment policies bought and sold through bourse trading as securities while opened-ended investment funds are investment policies sold to direct to the investor. 

Net asset value(IC):

Its determined daily through adding the market value of the fund and subtracting them from the fund expenses then dividing the result over the number of policies published.

Investment companies:

Companies that invest their capital in variety of securities.

Market liquidity:

refers to how quickly the securities can be converted to cash ,also it reflects the market ability to intake many sell/buy transactions with appropriate prices on any share, market liquidity is one of the most important features of a good market.

Bull market:

Is the market status when the securities prices rise.

Bear market:

Is the market status when the securities prices fall.

Bonds ready to call:

Bonds that gives its source the right to call part or all of it before due date.

Bond ready to convert:

Bond ready to be converted to an ordinary share upon publishment terms.

Last price:

Is the share last traded price.

Registered shareholders:

Shareholders that were listed in the issued company privacy right records.

Property rights:

Represents the shareholders' securities value in a company and its usually represented in the paid-in capital plus the retained earnings.

Right to vote:

A right given to the shareholder to vote on the company policies/decisions in the general meeting held annually and it's associated with the number of shares the investor owns as the more shares the investor owns the more right he had to vote and impact on the company's decisions.

Auditor's report:

Includes a technical neutral opinion from the auditor's side according to the company's financial statements being reviewed.

OTC session:

Is the market in which the stocks that are not registered are being traded on.

Beta coefficient:

A scale used to measure a company's share's risk rate.

Right of subscription:

in the case of increasing a company's capital and issuing new shares it gives its current shareholders the right to buy from those extra issued shares first and before its published and issued to public investors and in case the shareholders doesn’t subscribe and cover such a subscription the company had the right to sell such shares to any other investor. 

The stock rotation rate:

 a rate calculated by dividing a share's value traded during a year over the market value of all the shares registered in the Bourse during the same year. 

Closed Joint Stock Company:

a company that applies the Saudi companies terms in most of its systems and one of its most features is that the founders that signed the company constructed contract gives themselves the right to subscribe in such company's capital and no one other.

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